Almost four years ago now, before ‘the sharing economy’ was a buzz word, our small band of friends came together in Toronto when we met at a meeting for those concerned about the state of the world – poverty, the environment, mental health, discrimination, war, debt. We wanted to solve ALL the problems. Not long after meeting, we learned about a Tool Lending Library in Vancouver and thought that maybe this would be a good place to start for Toronto as well.

If we could inspire people to share tools, could the sharing movement expand in a way that would make a real difference in reducing over-consumption of goods while increasing access to what people need?

The Sharing Economy has since exploded into the mainstream in a big way. Many more people are now participating, while media and news outlets passionately discuss the economic and social impacts of ‘sharing’ on a regular basis – and indeed, the very definition of sharing itself in this new economy.

Running a non-profit tool library is no easy task – it’s certainly not as glamorous as Uber or Airbnb. Here are the Top 5 Reasons we put our blood, sweat and tears into encouraging Torontonians to borrow instead of buy:

ENVIRONMENT

Obviously buying less things means we can reduce the amount of stuff we are dumping into our landfills. In fact, Canada is now producing so much waste efforts are being made to focus on the first of the three Rs: REDUCE.

Sharing items with your neighbours is a great way to reduce unnecessary consumption. If you imagine the amount of energy and materials that go into making and distributing a single tool (the oil and rare metals used to create it, the gas used to ship it all over the world, the packaging it comes in, etc.) you can imagine how effective it would be if one drill was being used by a community rather than sitting in every household’s basement. The mass, private ownership of tools makes little social sense when we consider that most domestic power tools are used for just 10% of the time they are designed to last and spend the rest of their lives depreciating in basements and storage units.

The devil’s advocate might ask: but if so many people are using a single tool, won’t that wear the tool out faster rendering it useless and in need of quicker replacement? Well, yes and no. Because so many people are sharing these items together, they can afford to buy more expensive, good quality tools that won’t wear out as quickly. AND at the Toronto Tool Library we have a tool hospital: experts who volunteer their time and skills to fix ‘sick tools.’ Where someone who owns a tool might toss it when it breaks because they don’t have the skills or money to get it fixed, when you have a community centre for sharing tools you also have people who are dedicated to keeping those items in good working order.

COMMUNITY

Sharing tools builds a lot more than shelves and DIY projects: when you share resources, a creative hub begins to emerge where people come together to help each other out. Sharing tools allows individuals to be part of a community of like-minded makers, builders, re-builders, tinkerers, experimenters and innovators.

Beyond the immediate community within the tool library, sharing tools simultaneously serves to bolster the broader neighbourhood by giving people access to tools and the knowledge to use them who otherwise would not be able to afford it. When everyone is paying a small fee to have access to all the tools, everyone benefits. Suddenly those who were not able to afford renovations to their home are empowered with the skills and tools to do it themselves. Those who did not have a space to brainstorm, create and problem solve are given a place and a network to do so.

MONEY

Toronto, like so many cities, is expensive (and apparently only getting more expensive with the direction the Canadian economy is going in). If you need an item occasionally, what sense is there in spending money on that thing to own it? Is it worth spending money on heating such a large house to store all these things you only use occasionally?

If you need a tool for a project (or even a couple of projects) it is smarter financially to have access to it when you need it rather than forking over all this cash for something you are hardly going to use.

SPACE

In the same vein, if you own a lot of stuff you need a place to put it. Canada’s self-storage industry is now second in the world only to the United States – it’s so big, in fact, that it warrants our very own reality-TV series centred around the subject: ‘Storage Wars‘.

And this may be the very reason that Minimalism as a lifestyle is soaring into vogue with best-sellers like Marie-Kondo’s book ‘The Life-Changing Magic of Tidying Up.’ We are like a child who has gorged herself on too much candy and is now reeling from the stomach ache, waking up to understand that owning things is not the key to happiness and that perhaps the American Dream has been more of a nightmare after all.

To bring it back to tools, Greg, who sits on the board of the non-profit behind the tool library in Toronto, puts it nicely: “Sharing tools doesn’t just give me access to things I don’t own – it lets me do more with what I already have. The space in my home that isn’t taken up by unnecessary possessions gives me the freedom to be creative there.”

ATTITUDE SHIFT

When you give people a chance to share items they otherwise would have purchased for themselves individually, you provide an opportunity to think about what else could be shared. Living in a culture that surrounds us with messages of ‘buy endlessly’ and encourages people to express their sense of identity through owning things, it can be tricky to convince them to live any other way. Tools are a good place to start when helping people through an attitude shift from individual ownership to shared use.

The truth is, we produce a lot of waste. We overwork ourselves to have money to buy things we don’t really need when the science says stuff doesn’t even make us happy. We have a lot of people in need on this planet who could probably be taken care of if we made a few systemic changes. We have the resources, it’s just matter of sharing them.

This shift in attitude happens slowly over time – the more we share, the more open to sharing we become.

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